Evolução das ciências administrativas na América Latina Outros Idiomas

Latin America can not be characterized as a significan creator of new concepts or approaches to administrative sciences. On the contrary, it has been a heavy importer and consumer of administrative theories developed in highly developed countries, especially in the United States. This reflects Latin America's state of relative economic-cultural dependence on the developed world. In the past, this dependence has been stronger. While being essentially an exogenous influence in Latin America, administrative sciences and technologies have been modified under endogenous influences through time, often through adjustments presenting some originality in their conception. Up to the 30's, the juridical or legalistic approach to management prevailed, and the administrative sciences were even confused with Administrative Law (as they were in Western Europe, especially in Spain, Portugal and France). Starting in the 30's and 40's, and predominantly inspired by the USA, the first organizational theories - Taylorism, Fayolism and the Weberian model, today considered as classic or traditional - appeared in Latin America. Later on in the 50's, as an antithesis to the previous movements, and also inspired by the Americans, the managerial approach to behavioral sciences arrived in Latin America. And in the 60's and 70's, the theoretical formulations of management for development reached Latin America, where they received considerable contributions from local teachers and specialists. The same happened to the institution-building model, which partly resulted from the analysis of failures of administrative reforms conducted with foreign technical assistance. The various theories were disseminated through four main channels: (1) universities, (2) administrative-reform movements, (3) direct or indirect action of the missions of technical-assistance specialists, and (4) the action of multinationals: through local subsidiaries, their ideas and technologies reached the entrepreneurial world, government-controlled corporations, public enterprises, and even direct or centralized public administration. Created in Latin America in the 50's, administration schools started to play an important role in the analysis of the various national experiences with foreign technical assistance. Dissemination of the results strengthened the most recent approaches, especially management for development, public-administration ecology, the systems theory applied to administration and the contingency theory. This article seeks to present a summary of those various approaches, offering examples of the attempts made to render them operational in many countries of the continent, and pointing out the results obtained. The author says that administrative technologies will play a relevant, perhaps decisive, role in the future of administrative sciences in Latin America. She thinks that as modern administrative technologies are developed, reformulated of replaced, administrative sciences will either follow the routes mentioned or they will have to look for new orientation, both in Latin America countries and other developed or developing country.
Citação ABNT:
WAHRLICH, B. M. S.Evolução das ciências administrativas na América Latina. Revista de Administração Pública, v. 13, n. 1, p. 31-68, 1979.
Citação APA:
Wahrlich, B. M. S.(1979). Evolução das ciências administrativas na América Latina. Revista de Administração Pública, 13(1), 31-68.
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