A Organização Baseada na Espiritualidade: Uma Revisão Teórica e seu Potencial Papel no Terceiro Milênio Outros Idiomas

ID:
34258
Periódico:
Resumo:
Esse artigo examina se a organização baseada na espiritualidade (OBE) pode ser considerada um imperativo para o terceiro milênio. Em consequência, recorre-se à revisão de literatura sobre espiritualidade organizacional, psicologia da religião, psicologia positiva, teoria da liderança espiritual a fim se dar suporte às conclusões, assim como se oferece algumas proposições de pesquisa. No geral, a evidência coligida ao longo desse artigo sugere que o paradigma espiritual começa a representar um papel-chave junto com as OBEs. Mais especificamente, conclui-se que esses tópicos podem ser considerados como autênticos imperativos nesse milênio. No entanto, argumenta-se que é provável que leve algum tempo até que o tópico da espiritualidade possa moldar, por assim dizer, o caráter das organizações considerando que o tema espiritual está começando a se tornar um importante tópico. Além disso, argumenta-se que a lógica que tem prevalecido nos empreendimentos empresariais tem sido largamente de natureza econômica, exceto algumas honoráveis iniciativas. Os achados também indicam que o paradigma material não é mais adequado para lidar com os relevantes problemas que modelam o mundo moderno. Finalmente, sugere-se que o conceito de OBE abarca mudanças positivas e, como tal, pode ser potencialmente condutor à melhoria da vida das pessoas e da saúde e equilíbrio do planeta.
Citação ABNT:
VASCONCELOS, A. F.The Spiritually-Based Organization: A Theoretical Review and its Potential Role in the Third Millennium . Cadernos EBAPE.BR, v. 13, n. 1, p. 183-183, 2015.
Citação APA:
Vasconcelos, A. F.(2015). The Spiritually-Based Organization: A Theoretical Review and its Potential Role in the Third Millennium . Cadernos EBAPE.BR, 13(1), 183-183.
Link Permanente:
http://www.spell.org.br/documentos/ver/34258/a-organizacao-baseada-na-espiritualidade--uma-revisao-teorica-e-seu-potencial-papel-no-terceiro-milenio/i/pt-br
Tipo de documento:
Artigo
Idioma:
Inglês
Referências:
ALTAF, A.; AWAN, M. A. Moderating affect of workplace spirituality on the relationship of job overload and job satisfaction. Journal of Business Ethics, v. 104, n. 1, p. 93-99, 2011.

ASHAR, H.; LANE-MAHER, M. Success and spirituality in the new business paradigm. Journal of Management Inquiry, v. 13, n. 3, p. 249-60, 2004.

ASHFORTH, B. E.; PRATT M. G. Institutionalized spirituality: an oxymoron? In: GIACALONE, R. A.; JURKIEWICZ, C. L. (Eds.). Handbook of Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Performance. Armonk: M. E. Sharpe, 2003. 93-107 p.

BADRINARAYANAN, V.; MADHAVARAM, S. Workplace spirituality and the selling organization: a conceptual framework and research propositions. Journal of Personal Selling & Sales Management, v. 28, n. 4, p. 421-434, 2008.

BAKKE, D. W. Joy at work: a revolutionary approach to fun on the job. Seattle: PVG, 2005.

BALCH, D. R.; ARMSTRONG, R. W. Ethical marginality: the Icarus syndrome and banality of wrongdoing. Journal of Business Ethics, v. 92, n. 2, p. 291-303, 2010.

BENEFIEL, M. Soul at work: spiritual leadership in organizations. New York: Seabury Books, 2005.

BIBERMAN, J. What makes an organization spiritual? Applied spirituality in organizational structure, design, processes, and practices. In: MARQUES, J.; DHIMAN, S.; KING, R. (Eds.). The Workplace and Spirituality: New Perspectives on Research and Practice. Woodstock: Skylight Paths Publishing, 2009. 111-118 p.

BIBERMAN, J.; WHITTY, M. A. A postmodern spiritual future for work. Journal of Organizational Change Management, v. 10, n. 2, p. 130-138, 1997.

BODDY, C. R. The corporate psychopaths theory of the global financial crisis. Journal of Business Ethics, v. 102, n. 2, p. 255-259, 2011.

BROWN, R. B. Organizational spirituality: the sceptic’s version. Organization, v. 10, n. 2, p. 393-400, 2003.

CACIOPPE, R. Creating spirit at work: re-visioning organization development and leadership - Part I. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, v. 21, n. 1/2, p. 48-54, 2000.

CACIOPPE, R. Creating spirit at work: re-visioning organization development and leadership - Part II. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, v. 21, n. 1/2, p. 110-119, 2000.

CALDWELL, C.; CANUTO-CARRANCO, M. ‘Organizational terrorism’ and moral choices - exercising voice when the leader is the problem. Journal of Business Ethics, v. 97, n. 1, p. 159-171, 2010.

CAMERON, K.; CAZA, A.; BRIGHT, D. Positive deviance, organizational virtuousness, and performance. Working paper, University of Michigan Ross School of Business, 2008.

CAMERON, K.; DUTTON, J. E.; QUINN, R. E. Foundations of positive organizational scholarship. In: CAMERON, K. S.; DUTTON, J. E.; QUINN, R. E. (Eds.). Positive Organizational Scholarship: Foundations of a New Discipline. San Francisco: Berret-Koelher, 2003. p. 3-13.

CAMERON, K.; WINN, B. Virtuousness in organizations. In: CAMERON, K. S.; SPREITZER, G. M. (Eds.). The Oxford Handbook of Positive Organizational Scholarship. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012. 231-243 p.

CAVANAGH, G. et al. Toward a spirituality for the contemporary organization: implications for work, family, and society. In: PAVA, M. L.; PRIMEAUX, P. (Eds.). Spiritual Intelligence at Work: Meaning, Metaphor, and Morals. Research in Ethical Issues in Organizations. v. 5. Oxford: Elsevier Ltd.; 2004. 111-138 p.

CHAMIEC-CASE, R. R. Developing a tool measure social worker’s perceptions regarding to extent to which they integrate their spirituality in the workplace. Doctoral dissertation, Graduate School of Social Science, Fordham University, 2006.

CROPANZANO, R.; BOWEN, D. E.; GILLILAND, S. W. The management of organizational justice. Academy of Management Perspectives, v. 21, n. 4, p. 34-48, 2007.

CROSSMAN, J. Conceptualising spiritual leadership in secular organizational contexts and its relation to transformational, servant and environmental leadership. Leadership and Organization Development Journal, v. 31, n. 7, p. 596-608, 2010.

DANIELS, D.; FRANZ, R. S.; WONG, K. A classroom with a worldview: making spiritual assumptions explicit in management education. Journal of Management Education, v. 24, n. 5, p. 540-561, 2000.

DAVIS, G. F.; COBB, J. A. Corporations and economic inequality around the world: the paradox of hierarchy. Research in Organizational Behavior, v. 30, p. 35-53, 2010.

DELBECQ, A. L. Spirituality and business: one scholar’s perspective. Journal of Management, Spirituality and Religion, v. 6, n. 1, p. 3-13, 2009.

DENT, E. B.; HIGGINS, M. E.; WHARFF, D. M. Spirituality and leadership: an empirical review of definitions, distinctions, and embedded assumptions. The Leadership Quarterly, v. 16, n. 5, p. 625-653, 2005.

DHIMAN, S.; MARQUES, J. The role and need of offering workshops and courses on workplace spirituality. Journal of Management Development, v. 30, n. 9, p. 816-835, 2011.

DRISCOLL, C.; WIEBE, E. Technical spirituality at work: Jacques Ellul on workplace spirituality. Journal of Management Inquiry, v. 16, n. 4, p. 333-348, 2007.

EISLER, R.; MONTUORI, A. The human side of spirituality. In: GIACALONE, R. A.; JURKIEWICZ, C. L. (Eds.). Handbook of Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Performance. Armonk: M. E. Sharpe, 2003. 46-56 p.

EMMONS, R. A. The psychology of ultimate concerns. New York: The Guilford Press, 1999.

EVERS, F. T.; REID, L. Addressing wellness problems in the workplace through spirituality: six risks and six spiritual solutions. In: MARQUES, J.; DHIMAN, S.; KING, R. (Eds.). The Workplace and Spirituality: New Perspectives on Research and Practice. Woodstock: Skylight Paths Publishing, 2009. 119-128 p.

EXLINE, J. J.; BRIGHT, D. S. Spiritual and religious struggles in the workplace. Journal of Management, Spirituality and Religion, v. 8, n. 2, p. 123-142, 2011.

FALEYE, O.; TRAHAN, E. A. Labor-friendly corporate practices: is what is good for employees good for shareholders? Journal of Business Ethics, v. 101, n. 1, p. 1-27, 2011.

FELIX, A.; SALGADO, R.; BALIEIRO, S. A dura vida de CEO. Época Negócios, São Paulo, n. 74, abril, p. 66-73, 2013.

FORNACIARI, C. J.; DEAN, K. L. Making the quantum leap: lessons from physics on studying spirituality and religions in organizations. Journal of Organizational Change Management, v. 14, n. 4, p. 335-351, 2001.

FREITAS, M. E. Cultura organizacional: identidade, sedução e carisma? Rio de Janeiro: FGV Editora, 1999.

FROST, P. J. Emoções tóxicas no trabalho. São Paulo: Futura, 2003.

FRY, L. W. et al. Impact of spiritual leadership on unit performance. The Leadership Quarterly, v. 22, n. 2, p. 259- 270, 2011.

FRY, L. W. Spiritual leadership: state-of-the-art and future directions for theory, research, and practice. In: BIBERMAN, J.; TISCHLER, L. (Eds.). Spirituality in Business: Theory, Practice, and Future Directions. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. 106-124 p.

FRY, L. W. Toward a theory of ethical and spiritual well-being, and corporate social responsibility through spiritual leadership. In: GIACALONE, R. A.; JURKIEWICZ, C. L.; DUNN, C. (Eds.). Positive Psychology in Business Ethics and Corporate Responsibility. Greenwich: Information Age Publishing, 2005. 47-83 p.

FRY, L. W.; VITUCCI, S.; CEDILLO, M. Spiritual leadership and army transformation: theory, measurement, and establishing a baseline. The Leadership Quarterly, v. 16, n. 5, p. 835-862, 2005.

GARCIA-ZAMOR, J. C. Workplace spirituality in the United States and former East Germany. In: GIACALONE, R. A.; JURKIEWICZ, C. L. (Eds.). Handbook of Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Performance. Armonk: M. E. Sharpe, 2003. 314-335 p.

GAVIN, J. H.; MASON, R. O. The virtuous organizations: the value of happiness in the workplace. Organizational Dynamics, v. 33, n. 4, p. 379-392, 2004.

GEH, E.; TAN, G. Spirituality at work in a changing world: managerial and research implications. Journal of Management, Spirituality, and Religion, v. 6, n. 4, p. 287-300, 2009.

GIACALONE, R. A.; JURKIEWICZ, C. L.; FRY, L. W. From advocacy to science: the next steps in workplace spirituality research. In: PALOUTZIAN, R. F.; PARK, C. L. (Eds.). Handbook of the Psychology of Religion and Spirituality. New York: The Guilford Press, 2005. 515-528 p.

GIBBONS, P. Spirituality at work: definitions, measures, assumptions, and validity claims. Proceedings of the Academy of Management, USA, 2000.

GIOIA, D. A. Business organization as instrument of societal responsibility. Organization, v. 10, n. 3, p. 435-438, 2003.

GLAVAS, A.; PIDERIT, S. K. How does doing good matter? Effects of corporate citizenship on employees. Journal of Corporate Citizenship, n. 36, p. 51-70, 2009.

GOTSIS, G.; KORTEZI, Z. Philosophical foundations of workplace spirituality: a critical approach. Journal of Business Ethics, v. 78, n. 4, p. 575-600, 2008.

GOZDZ, K. Toward transpersonal learning communities in business. The American Behavioral Scientist, v. 43, n. 8, p. 1262-1285, 2000.

GROSS-SCHAEFER, A. Reaching for the stars: effective tools for the creation of a more spiritual workplace. Employee Relations Law Journal, v. 35, n. 1, p. 25-42, 2009.

GRZEDA, M.; ASSOGBAVI, T. Spirituality in management education and development: toward an authentic transformation. Journal of American Academy of Business, v. 16, n. 2, p. 238-244, 2011.

GUILLORY, W. A. The living organization: spirituality in the workplace. 2. ed. Salt Lake City: Innovations International, 2001.

GULL, G. A.; DOH, J. The ‘transmutation’ of the organization: toward a more spiritual workplace. Journal of Management Inquiry, v. 13, n. 2, p. 128-139, 2004.

HAYAKAWA, E. Inspired leadership: leading with spirit. In: MARQUES, J.; DHIMAN, S.; KING, R. (Eds.). The Workplace and Spirituality: New Perspectives on Research and Practice. Woodstock: Skylight Paths Publishing, 2009. 67-74 p.

HÉJJ, T. The economy of sharing. In: ZSOLNAI, L. (Ed.). Spirituality and Ethics in Management. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004. 141-151 p.

HOWARD, S. A spiritual perspective on learning in the workplace. Journal of Managerial Psychology, v. 17, n. 3, p. 230-242, 2002.

HOWARD, S.; WELBOURN, D. The spirit at work phenomenon. London: Azure, 2004.

INGERSOLL, R. E. Spiritual wellness in the workplace. In: GIACALONE, R. A.; JURKIEWICZ, C. L. (Eds.). Handbook of Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Performance. Armonk: M. E. Sharpe, 2003. 289-299 p.

JOHNSON, C. E. Spirituality and ethical leadership: moral persons and moral managers. In: MARQUES, J.; DHIMAN, S.; KING, R. (Eds.). The Workplace and Spirituality: New Perspectives on Research and Practice. Woodstock: Skylight Paths Publishing, 2009. 75-86 p.

KARAKAS, F. Spirituality and performance in organizations: a literature review. Journal of Business Ethics, v. 94, n. 1, p. 89-106, 2010.

KARDEC, A. The spirits’ book. (Translated from the Le Livre des Esprits, 1857). Philadelphia: Allan Kardec Educational Society, 2003.

KETOLA, T. From CR-psychopaths to responsible corporations: waking up the inner sleeping beauty of companies. Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management, v. 13, n. 2, p. 98-107, 2006.

KHISTY, C. J. The practice of mindfulness for managers in the marketplace. Systemic Practice and Action Research, v. 23, n. 2, p. 115-125, 2010.

KINJERSKI, V.; SKRYPNEK, B. J. Defining spirit at work: Finding common ground. Journal of Organizational Change Management, v. 17, n. 1, p. 26-42, 2004.

KLERK, J. J. de. Spirituality, meaning in life, and work wellness: a research agenda. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, v. 13, n. 1, p. 64-88, 2005.

KOLODINSKY, R. W.; BOWEN, M. G.; FERRIS, G. R. Embracing workplace spirituality and managing organizational politics: servant leadership and political skill for volatile times. In: GIACALONE, R. A.; JURKIEWICZ, C. L. (Eds.). Handbook of Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Performance. Armonk: M. E. Sharpe, 2003. p. 164-180.

KOLODINSKY, R. W.; GIACALONE, R. A.; JURKIEWICZ, C. L. Workplace values and outcomes: exploring personal, organizational, and interactive workplace spirituality. Journal of Business Ethics, v. 81, n. 2, p. 465-480, 2008.

KORAC-KAKABDASE, N.; KOUZMIN, A.; KAKABDASE, A. Spirituality and leadership praxis. Journal of Managerial Psychology, v. 17, n. 3, p. 165-182, 2002.

KUCHINKE, K. P. Human development as a central goal for human resource development. Human Resource Development International, v. 13, n. 5, p. 575-585, 2010.

LAVINE, M. et al. Exploring the generative potential between positive organizational scholarship and management, spirituality, and religion research. Journal of Management, Spirituality and Religion, v. 11, n. 1, p. 6-26, 2014.

LAWLER, E. E.; III. Treat people right: how organizations and individuals can propel each other into a virtuous spiral of success. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2003.

LEAVITT, H. J. Big organizations are unhealthy environments for human beings. Academy of Management Learning and Education, v. 62, n. 2, p. 253-263, 2007.

LIMA, G. S.; CARVALHO NETO, A.; TANURE, B. Executivos jovens e seniores no topo da carreira: Conflitos e complementaridades. REAd Revista Eletrônica de Administração, v. 18, n. 1, p. 63-96, 2012.

LIPS-WIERSMA, M.; DEAN, K. L.; FORNACIARI, C. J. Identifying and managing the shadow of workplace spirituality: practical guidelines. In: MARQUES, J.; DHIMAN, S.; KING, R. (Eds.). The Workplace and Spirituality: New Perspectives on Research and Practice. Woodstock: Skylight Paths Publishing, 2009. 177-187 p.

LIPS-WIERSMA, M.; MILLS, C. Coming out of the closet: negotiating spiritual expression in the workplace. Journal of Managerial Psychology, v. 17, n 3, p. 183-202, 2002.

LIPS-WIERSMA, M.; NIKALANT, V. Practical compassion: toward a critical spiritual foundation for corporate responsibility. In: BIBERMAN, J.; TISCHLER, L. (Eds.). Spirituality in Business: Theory, Practice, and Future Directions. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008. p. 51-72.

LÓPEZ, L. H.; RAMOS, R. R.; RAMOS, S. R. Spiritual behaviour in the workplace as a topic for research. Journal of Management, Spirituality and Religion, v. 6, n. 4, p. 273-285, 2009.

LOZANO, J. M.; RIBERA, R. A new chance for management - a new challenge for spirituality. In: ZSOLNAI, L. (Ed.). Spirituality and Ethics in Management. Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2004. p. 175-185.

LUTHANS, F. et al. Positive psychological capital: measurement and relationship with performance and satisfaction. Personnel Psychology, v. 60, n. 3, p. 541-572, 2007.

LUTHANS, F. The need for and meaning of positive organizational behavior. Journal of Organizational Behavior, v. 23, n. 6, p. 695-706, 2002.

MARCIC, D. God, faith, and management education. Journal of Management Education, v. 24, n. 5, p. 628-649, 2000.

MARQUES, J. F. Spiritual performance from an organizational perspective: the Starbucks way. Corporate Governance, v. 8, n. 3, p. 248-257, 2007.

MARQUES, J.; DHIMAN, S.; KING, R. Spirituality in the workplace: what it is, why it matters, how to make it works for you. Fawnskin: Personhood Press, 2007.

MCGEE, J. J.; DELBECQ, A. L. Vocation as a critical factor in a spirituality for executive leadership in business. In: WILLIAMS, O. F. (Ed.). Business, Religion, and Spirituality: A New Synthesis. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2003. p. 94-110.

MCKNIGHT, R. Spirituality in the workplace. In: ADAMS, J. D. (Ed.). Transforming Work. 2. ed. New York: Cosimo on Demand, 2005. p. 160-177.

MEIRA, F. B. A ética empresarial em movimento: as (de)limitações do campo. Gestão & Planejamento, v. 11, n. 1, p. 119-138, 2010.

MILLIMAN, J. et al. Spirit and community at Southwest airlines: an investigation of a spiritual values-based model. Journal of Organizational Change Management, v. 12, n. 3, p. 221-233, 1999.

MILLIMAN, J.; CZAPLEWSKI, A. J.; FERGUSON, J. Workplace spirituality and employee work attitudes: an exploratory empirical assessment. Journal of Organizational Change Management, v. 16, n. 4, p. 426-447, 2003.

MITROFF, I. I. Business not as usual: reflections on spirituality in the workplace. In: WILLIAMS, O. F. (Ed.). Business, Religion, and Spirituality: A New Synthesis. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2003. p. 187-200.

MITROFF, I. I. On the fundamental importance of ethical management: why management is the most important of all human activities. Journal of Management Inquiry, v. 7, n. 1, p. 68-79, 1998.

MITROFF, I. I.; DENTON, E. A. A spiritual audit of corporate America: a hard look at spirituality, religion, and values in the workplace. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1999.

MOXLEY, R. S. Leadership and spirit: breathing new vitality and energy into individuals and organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 2000.

NECK, C. P.; MILLIMAN, J. F. Thought self-leadership: finding spiritual fulfilment in organizational life. Journal of Managerial Psychology, v. 9, n. 6, p. 9-16, 1994.

NOBLE, K. D. Riding the wind horse: spiritual intelligence and the growth of the self. Cresskill: Hampton Press, 2001.

OUIMET, J. R. Reconciling human happiness and profitability: mission possible thanks to sixteen new management tools. In: PAUCHANT, T. C. (Ed.). Ethics and Spirituality at Work: Hopes and Pitfalls of the Search for Meaning in Organizations. Westport: Quorum Books, 2002. p. 77-88.

PANDEY, A.; GUPTA, R. K. A perspective of collective consciousness of business organizations. Journal of Business Ethics, v. 80, n. 4, p. 889-898, 2008.

PARGAMENT, K. I.; MAHONEY, A. Spirituality: discovering and conserving the sacred. In: SNYDER, C. R.; LOPEZ, S. J. (Eds.). Handbook of Positive Psychology. New York: Oxford University Press, 2005. p. 646-659.

PARK, N.; PETERSON, C. M. Virtues and organizations. In: CAMERON, K. S.; DUTTON, J. E.; QUINN, R. E. (Eds.). Positive Organizational Scholarship: Foundations of a New Discipline. San Francisco: Berret-Koelher, 2003. p. 33-47.

PAUCHANT, T. C. Introduction: Ethical and spiritual management addresses the need for meaning in the workplace. In: PAUCHANT, T. C. (Ed.). Ethics and Spirituality at Work: Hopes and Pitfalls of the Search for Meaning in Organizations. Westport: Quorum Books, 2002. p. 1-28 .

PAVA, M. L. Searching for spirituality in all the wrong places. Journal of Business Ethics, v. 48, n. 4, p. 393-400, 2003.

PAVLOVICH, K.; CORNER, P. D. Spiritual organizations and connectedness: the Living Nature experience. Journal of Management, Spirituality and Religion, v. 6, n. 3, p. 209-229, 2009.

PFEFFER, J. Business and the spirit: management practices that sustain values. In: GIACALONE, R. A.; JURKIEWICZ, C. L. (Eds.). Handbook of Workplace Spirituality and Organizational Performance. Armonk: M. E. Sharpe, 2003. p. 29-45.

POLLEY, D.; VORA, J.; SUBBANARASIMHA, P. N. Paying the devil his due: limits and liabilities of workplace spirituality. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, v. 13, n. 1, p. 50-63, 2005.

PORTH, S. J.; STEINGARD, D.; MCCALL, J. Spirituality and business: the latest management fad or the next breakthrough. In: WILLIAMS, O. F. (Ed.). Business, Religion, and Spirituality: A New Synthesis. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 2003. p. 249-262.

QUATRO, S. A. Organizational spiritual normativity as an influence on organizational culture and performance in Fortune 500 firms. Doctoral dissertation, Iowa State University, 2002.

RENESCH, J. Humanizing capitalism: vision of hope; challenge for transcendence. Journal of Human Values, v. 14, n. 1, p. 1-9, 2008.

SELIGMAN, M. E. P.; CSIKSZENTMIHALYI, M. Positive psychology: an introduction. American Psychologist, v. 55, n. 1, p. 5-14, 2000.

SIROTA, D.; MISCHKIND, L. A.; MELTZER, M. I. The enthusiastic employee: how companies profit by giving workers what they want. Saddle River: Wharton School Publishing Upper, 2005.

STEAD, J. G.; STEAD, W. E. Building spiritual capabilities to sustain sustainability-based competitive advantages. Journal of Management, Spirituality & Religion, v. 11, n. 2, p. 143-158, 2014.

STEINGARD, D. S. Spiritually-informed management theory: toward profound possibilities for inquiry and transformation. Journal of Management Inquiry, v. 14, n. 3, p. 227-241, 2005.

STOLTZ-LOIKE, M. Creating personal and spiritual balance: another dimension in career development. In: BLOCH, D. P.; RICHMOND, L. J. (Eds.). Connections Between Spirit and Work in Career Development: New Approaches and Practical Perspectives. Palo Alto: Davies-Black Publishing, 1997. p. 139-161.

SUTCLIFFE, K. M.; CHRISTIANSON, M. K. Managing the unexpected. In: SPREITZER, G.; CAMERON, K. S. (Eds.). Handbook of Positive Organizational Scholarship. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012. p. 843-854.

TACEY, D. The spirituality revolution: the emergence of contemporary spirituality. New York: Brunner-Routledge, 2004.

THOMPSON, W. D. Can you train people to be spiritual? Training and Development, v. 54, n. 12, p. 18-19, 2000.

TOURISH, D.; TOURISH, N. Spirituality at work, and its implications for leadership and followership: a poststructuralist perspective. Leadership, v. 6, n. 2, p. 207-224, 2010.

TROTT, D. C. Spiritual well-being of workers: an exploratory study of spirituality in the workplace. Doctoral dissertation, Graduate School of The University of Texas at Austin, 1996.

TWIGG, N. W.; PARAYITAM, S. Spirit at work: spiritual typologies as theory builders. Journal of Organization Culture, Communication and Conflict, v. 10, n. 2, p. 117-133, 2006.

VASCONCELOS, A. F. Espiritualidade no ambiente de trabalho: dimensões, reflexões e desafios. São Paulo: Editora Atlas, 2008.

VASCONCELOS, A. F. Examining workers’ perception of spirituality in the workplace: an exploratory study. Management & Marketing, v. 8, n. 2, p. 231-260, 2013.

VASCONCELOS, A. F. Pursuing organizational spirituality: some lessons from a financial services corporation. Management & Marketing, v. 6, n. 3, p. 365-392, 2011.

VASCONCELOS, A. F. Societal marketing concept and spirituality in the workplace theory: finding the common ground. Cadernos EBAPE.BR, v. 9, n. 1, p. 97-116, 2011.

VASCONCELOS, A. F. Spiritual development in organizations: a religious-based approach. Journal of Business Ethics, v. 93, n. 4, p. 607-622, 2010.

WADDOCK, S. Positive psychology of leading corporate citizenship. In: GIACALONE, R. A.; JURKIEWICZ, C. L.; DUNN, C. (Eds.). Positive Psychology in Business Ethics and Corporate Responsibility. Greenwich: Information Age Publishing, 2005. p. 23-45.

WADDOCK, S.; MCINTOSH, M. Beyond corporate responsibility: implications for management development. Business and Society Review, v. 114, n. 3, p. 295-325, 2009.

WAGNER-MARSH, F.; CONLEY, J. The fourth wave: the spiritually-based firm. Journal of Organizational Change Management, v. 12, n. 4, p. 292-302, 1999.

ZAIDMAN, N.; GOLDSTEIN-GIDONI, O. Spirituality as a discarded form of organizational wisdom: field-based analysis. Group & Organization Management, v. 36, n. 5, p. 630-653, 2011.

ZOHAR, D.; MARSHALL, I. Spiritual capital: wealth we can live by. San Francisco: Berret-Koehler Publishers, 2004.