Gênero, Classe Social e Empreendedorismo: Foco nas Estudantes Universitárias de um País Emergente Outros Idiomas

ID:
44438
Resumo:
Em todo o mundo, pesquisas têm identificado uma forte associação entre classe social e várias dimensões relativas ao empreendedorismo, tais como intenção empreendedora, frequência de fundação de negócios, crescimento e sucesso. De modo semelhante, pesquisadores identificaram uma associação entre o gênero e uma série de comportamentos e resultados empreendedores. Há, contudo, poucos estudos que consideram interações possíveis entre classe social, gênero e empreendedorismo, especialmente fora dos Estados Unidos e da Europa continental. Usando a afiliação a universidades de níveis distintos de prestígio como um indicador de classe social, o presente artigo foca a interação entre classe social e gênero e vários aspectos do empreendedorismo em quatro amostras que totalizam 14.807 respostas de estudantes universitários brasileiros de graduação. Ainda que confirme parte significativa da pesquisa existente sobre classe social e empreendedorismo, por um lado, e sobre gênero e empreendedorismo, por outro, este artigo identifica numerosas relações inesperadas entre gênero, classe social e conceitos relacionados aos comportamentos empreendedores.
Citação ABNT:
LIMA, E. O.; NELSON, R.; NASSIF, V. M. J. Gênero, Classe Social e Empreendedorismo: Foco nas Estudantes Universitárias de um País Emergente . Revista de Administração da UFSM, v. 9, n. 4, p. 579-605, 2016.
Citação APA:
Lima, E. O., Nelson, R., & Nassif, V. M. J. (2016). Gênero, Classe Social e Empreendedorismo: Foco nas Estudantes Universitárias de um País Emergente . Revista de Administração da UFSM, 9(4), 579-605.
DOI:
10.5902/19834659 19062
Link Permanente:
http://www.spell.org.br/documentos/ver/44438/genero--classe-social-e-empreendedorismo--foco-nas-estudantes-universitarias-de-um-pais-emergente-/i/pt-br
Tipo de documento:
Artigo
Idioma:
Português
Referências:
ACEMOGLU, D.; ZILIBOTTI, F. Was Prometheus Unbound by Chance? Journal of Political Economy, v. 105, n. 4, p. 709-51, 1997.

ALDRICH, H. E.; RENZULLI, L.; LANGTON, N. Passing on Privilege: Resources Provided by Self-Employed Parents to their Self-Employed Children. In: LEICHT, K. (ed.). Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. p. 291-318. Greenwich: JAI Press. 1998.

AMORÓS, J.; CRISTI, O. Poverty, Human Development and Entrepreneurship. In: MINITTI, M. (ed.). The Dynamics of Entrepreneurship: Theory and Evidence. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2010.

ANTHIAS, F.; MEHTA, N. The Intersection between Gender, the Family and Selfemployment: the Family as a Resource. International Review of Sociology, v. 13, n. 1, p. 105-116, 2003.

ARONSON, R. L. Self-Employment: A Labor Market Perspective. Ithaca: ILR Press. 1991.

AUDRETSCH, D. B.; BÖNTE, W.; TAMVADA, J. P. Religion, Social Class, and Entrepreneurial Choice. Journal of Business Venturing, v. 28, p. 774-789, 2013.

BANDURA, A. Self-efficacy: The Exercise of Control. New York: Freeman. 1997.

BANFIELD, E. C. The Unheavenly City Revisited. New York: Little Brown. 1974.

BERGMANN, H. Opportunity-Recognition Beliefs among Student Entrepreneurs - Spotting a Business Opportunity from the Ivory Tower. In: Academy of Management Meeting. Boston. Anais… 2012.

BLACK, S. E.; DEVEREUX, P. J. Recent Developments in Intergenerational Mobility. In: ASHENFELTER, O.; CARD, D. (eds). Handbook of Labor Economics. p. 1487-1541. Amsterdam: North Holland. 2011.

BLANCHFLOWER, D. G. Self-employment: More May not be Better. Swedish Economic Policy Review, v. 11, p 15-73, 2004.

BOURDIEU, P. A Economia das Trocas Simbólicas. São Paulo: Perspectiva. 1987.

BOURDIEU, P. La distinction : critique sociale du jugement. Paris : Éditions de Minuit. 1979.

BOWLES, S.; GINTIS, H.; GROVES, M. O. Unequal Chances: Family Background and Economic Success. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 2005.

BRUIN, A.; BRUSH, C. G.; WELTER, F. Introduction to the Special Issue: Towards Building Cumulative Knowledge on Women’s Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, v. 30, n. 5, p. 585-593, 2006.

BRUSH, C. G. Research on Women Business Owners: Past Trends, a New Perspective and Future Directions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, v. 16, n. 4, p. 5-31, 1992.

CARR, J. C.; SEQUEIRA, J. M. Prior Family Business Exposure as Intergenerational Influence and Entrepreneurial Intent: A Theory of Planned Behavior Approach. Journal of Business Research, v. 60, p. 1090-1098, 2007.

CARRIER, C.; JULIEN, P. A.; MENVIELLE, W. Un regard critique sur l’entrepreneuriat féminin : une synthèse des études des 25 dernières années. Gestion, v. 31, n. 2, p. 36-50, 2006.

CARTER, N. M.; GARTNER, W. B.; SHAVER, K. G.; GATEWOOD, E. The Career Reasons of Nascent Entrepreneurs. Journal of Business Venturing, v. 18, n. 1, p. 13-39, 2003.

CHEN, C.; GREENE, P. G.; CRICK, A. Does Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy Distinguish Entrepreneurs from Managers? Journal of Business Venturing, v. 13, p. 295-316, 1998.

COLE, S.; SAMPSON, T.; ZIA, B. Prices or Knowledge?What Drives Demand for Financial Services in Emerging Markets? Journal of Finance, v. 66, n. 6, p. 1933-1967, 2011.

COSTA, P. R. N. Elite Empresarial e Elite Econômica: O Estudo dos Empresários. Revista de Sociologia e Política, v. 22, n. 52, p. 47-57, 2014.

COWLING, M.; TAYLOR, M. Entrepreneurial Women and Men: Two Different Species? Small Business Economics, v. 16, n. 3, p. 167-176, 2001.

DOEPKE, M.; ZILIBOTTI, F. Social Class and the Spirit of Capitalism. Journal of the European Economic Association, v. 3, p. 516-24, 2005.

DOHMEN, T.; FALK, A.; HUFFMAN, D.; SUNDE, U. The Intergenerational Transmission of Risk and Trust Attitudes. Review of Economic Studies, v. 79, n. 2, p. 645-677, 2012.

DOLTON, P. J.; MAKEPEACE, G. H. SelfEmployment among Graduates. Bulletin of Economic Research, v. 42, n. 1, p. 35-53, 1990.

DUNN, T.; HOLTZ-EAKIN, D. Financial Capital, Human Capital, and the Transition to Self Employment: Evidence from Intergenerational Links. Journal of Labor Economics, v. 18, n. 2, p. 282-305, 2000.

DURIETZ, A.; HENDERSON, M. Testing the Female Underperformance Hypothesis. Small Business Economics, v. 14, p. 1-10, 2000.

ERKKO, A.; ACS, Z. Intellectual Property Protection and the Formation of Entrepreneurial Growth Aspirations. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, v. 4, n. 3, p. 234-251, 2010.

EVANS, D. S.; LEIGHTON, L. S. Some Empirical Aspects of Entrepreneurship. American Economic Review, v. 79, n. 3, p. 519-535, 1989.

FRIGOTTO, G. Educação e a Crise do Capitalismo Real. 2 ed. São Paulo: Cortez. 1996

GALOR, O.; WEIL, D. N. Population, Technology and Growth: From the Malthusian Regime to the Demographic Transition. American Economic Review, v. 90, p. 806-828, 2000.

GEORGELLIS, Y.; WALL, H. Gender Differences in Self-employment. International Review of Applied Economics, v. 19, p. 321-337, 2005.

GHOBRIL, A. N.; CARVALHO FILHO, A. F.; FORTE, D.; NAKAMURA, W. T. Propensão a Empreender de Estudantes Universitários no Brasil. FACEF Pesquisa, v. 7, p. 1-16, 2006.

GREENE, P. G.; BRUSH, C. G.; GATEWOOD, E. Perspectives on Women Entrepreneurs: Past Findings and New Directions. In: MINNITI, M. (ed.). Entrepreneurship: The Engine of Growth. Londres: Praeger Publisher. 2007.

GREVE, A.; SALAFF, J. W. Social Networks and Entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, v. 28, n. 1, p. 1-22, 2003.

GUROL, Y.; ASTAN, N. Entrepreneurial Characteristics among University Students: some Insights for Entrepreneurship Education and Training in Turkey. Education and Training, v. 48, n. 1, p. 25-38, 2006.

HANSEN, G. D.; PRESCOTT, E. C. Malthus to Solow. American Economic Review, v. 92, n. 4, p. 1205-17, 2002.

HUNDLEY, G. Family Background and the Propensity for Self-Employment. Industrial Relations, v. 45, n. 3, p. 377-392, 2006.

HUQ, A.; RICHARDSON, P. Business Ownership as an Economic Option for Middle-Income educated urban women in Bangladesh. Frontiers of Entrepreneurship, Babson College, 1997.

JENNINGS, J. E.; BRUSH, C. Research on Women Entrepreneurs: Challenges to (and from) the Broader Entrepreneurship Literature? The Academy of Management Annals, v. 7, n. 1, p. 661-713, 2013.

JONES, K. (2000). Psychodynamics, Gender, and Reactionary Entrepreneurship in Metropolitan São Paulo, Brazil. Women in Management Review, v. 15, n. 4, p. 207-220, 2013.

JONES, K.; TULLOUS, R. Behaviors of Preventure Entrepreneurs and Perceptions of their Financial Needs. Journal of Small Business Management, v. 40, n. 3, p. 233-249, 2002.

JUSTO, R.; DETIENNE, D. R. Gender, Family Situation and the Exit Event: Reassessing the Opportunity-Cost of Business Ownership. Madrid. IE Business School Working Paper. n. WP08-26. 2008.

KANTIS, H.; FEDERICO, J. S.; TRAJTERBERG, L. A. Entrepreneurship, Economy Mobility, and Entrepreneurial Propensity: A Regional View Based on the Analysis of Selected Latin American Coutries, working paper, Inter-American Development Bank, Department of Research and Chief Economist. 2012. Recuperado de http://idbdocs.iadb.org/wsdocs/getdocument.aspx?docnum=36985865em 30 de junho de 2015.

KARABEL, J.; ALEXANDER, A. Social Class, Academic Ability and College Quality. Social Forces, v. 53, n. 3, p. 381-398, 1975.

KHARAS, H. The Emerging Middle Class in Developing Countries. OCDE. 2010. Recuperado de https://www.oecd.org/dev/44457738.pdf em 30 de junho de 2015.

KIM, P. H.; ALDRICH, H. E. Social Capital and Entrepreneurship. Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship, v. 1, n. 2, p. 55-104, 2005.

KLYVER, K.; NIELSEN, S. L.; Evald, M. R. Women’s Self-employment: An Act of Institutional (dis) Integration?A Multilevel, Cross-country Study. Journal of Business Venturing, v. 28, n. 4, p. 474-488, 2013.

KOURILSKY, M.; WALSTAD, M. Entrepreneurship and the female youth: Knowledge, attitudes, gender differences and educational practices. Journal of Business Venturing, v. 13, n. 1, p. 77-88, 1998.

KRUEGER, Norris. The impact of prior entrepreneurial exposure on perceptions of new venture feasibility and desirability. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, v. 18, n. 1, p. 5-22, 1993.

LASPITA, S.; BREUGST, N.; HEBLICH, S.; PATZELT, H. Intergenerational Transmission of Entrepreneurial Intentions. Journal of Business Venturing, v. 27, n. 4, p. 414-435, 2012.

LEE, M. A.; RENDALL, M. S. Self-employment Disadvantage in the Working Lives of Blacks and Females. Population Research and Policy Review, v. 20, n. 4, p. 291-320, 2001.

LEVENSON H. Multidimensional Locus of Control in Psychiatric Patients. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, v. 41, n. 3, p. 397-404, 1973.

LEVY, P. S.; LEMESSHOW, S. Sampling of Populations: Methods and Applications. Nova Iorque: John Wiley & Sons. 1999.

LIMA, E.; LOPES, R. M. A.; NASSIF, V. M. J.; SILVA, D. Ser seu Próprio Patrão? Aperfeiçoando-se a Educação Superior em Empreendedorismo. Revista de Administração Contemporânea, v. 19, n. 4, p. 419, 2015. Recuperado de http://www.anpad.org.br/periodicos/arq_ pdf/a_1606.pdf em 30 de junho de. 2015.

LIMA, E.; LOPES, R. M.; NASSIF, V.; SILVA, D. Opportunities to Improve Entrepreneurship Education: Contributions Considering Brazilian Challenges. Journal of Small Business Management, v. 53, n. 4, p. 1033-1051, 2015.

LIÑÁN, F.; CHEN, Y. W. Development and CrossCultural Application of a Specific Instrument to Measure Entrepreneurial Intentions. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, v. 33, n. 3, p. 593-617, 2009.

LUZURIAGA, L. História da Educação Pública. 2 ed. São Paulo: Companhia Editora Nacional. Atualidades Pedagógicas, v. 71, 1959.

MANACORDA, M. A. História da Educação: da Antiguidade aos Novos Dias. 10 ed. São Paulo: Cortez. 2002.

MANACORDA, M. A. Marx e a Pedagogia Moderna. São Paulo: Cortez. 1991.

MARX, K. Capital. Nova Iorque: International Press. 1973.

MATTHEWS, C. H.; MOSER, S. B. A Longitudinal Investigation of the Impact of Family Background and Gender on Interest in Small Firm Ownership. Journal of Small Business Management, v. 34, n 2, p. 29-43, 1996.

MINNETI, M.; NAUDÉ, W. What Do We Know about the Patterns and Determinants of Female Entrepreneurship across Countries? European Journal of Development Research, v. 22, n. 3, p. 277-293, 2010.

MINNITI, M.; ALLEN, E.; LANGOWITZ, N. The 2005 Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Special Topic Report: Women in Entrepreneurship. Center for Women Leadership, Babson College. 2006.

MINNITI, M.; ARENIUS, P.; LANGOWITZ, N. The 2004 Global Entrepreneurship Monitor Special Topic Report: Women in Entrepreneurship. Center for Women Leadership, Babson College. 2005.

NEUMARK, D.; MCLENNAN, M. Sex Discrimination and Women’s Labor Market Outcomes. The Journal of Human Resources, v. 30, p. 713-740, 1995.

PONCE, A. Educação e Luta de Classes. 6 ed. São Paulo: Cortez. Coleção Educação Contemporânea. 1986.

ROMANELLI, O. História da Educação no Brasil. 27 ed. Petrópolis: Vozes. 2002.

SAINI, J. S. Economic Development and Entrepreneurship. In: SAINI, J. S.; GURJAR, B. R. (eds.). Entrepreneurship and Education Challenges and Strategies. Jaipur: Rawat Publications. 2001.

SAVIANI, D. Escola e Democracia. 31 ed. Campinas: Autores Associados. Polêmicas do Nosso Tempo, v. 5. 1997.

SCHILLER, B.; CREWSON, P. Entrepreneurial Origins: A Longitudinal Inquiry. Economic Inquiry, v. 35, n. 3, p. 523-531, 1997.

SCHROEDER, E.; RODERMUND, E. S. Crystallizing Enterprising Interests among Adolescents through a Career Development Programme: the Role of Personality and Family Background. Journal of Vocational Behavior, v. 69, n. 3, p. 494-509, 2006.

SHANE, S. The Illusions of Entrepreneurship: The Costly Myths that Entrepreneurs, Investor, and Policy Makers Live by. New Haven: Yale University Press. 2008.

SHANE, S. Why Encouraging More People to Become Entrepreneurs is Bad Public Policy. Small Business Economics, v. 33, n. 2, 141-49, 2009.

SHAO, H.; SEIBERT, S. E.; HILLS, G. E. The Mediating Role of Self-Efficacy in the Development of Entrepreneurial Intentions. Journal of Applied Psychology, v. 90, n. 6, p. 1265-1272, 2005.

SHAPERO, A.; SOKOL, L. The Social Dimensions of Entrepreneurship. In: KENT, C.; SEXTON, D.; VESPER, K. Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship. p. 72-90. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall. 1982.

SIEGER, P.; FUEGLISTALLER, U.; ZELLWEGER, T. Entrepreneurial Intentions and Activities of Students Across the World. International Report of the GUESSS Project 2011. St. Gallen: Swiss Research Institute of Small Business and Entrepreneurship at the University of St. Gallen (KMU-HSG). 2011. Recuperado de http://www.guesssurvey.org. em 30 de junho de 2011.

SIEGER, P.; MONSEN, E. Founder, Academic, or Employee?A Nuanced Study of Career Choice Intentions. Journal of Small Business Management, v. 53, n. S1, p. 30-57, 2015.

SINGER, S.; AMORÓS, J. E.; ARREOLA, D. M. Global Entrepreneurship Monitor - 2014 Global Report. 2015. Recuperado de http://www.gemconsortium.org/docs/download/3616 em 30 de junho de. 2015.

SOLIMANO, A. Towards New Social Policies in Latin America: Growth, the Middle Class and Social Rights. ECLAC Review, v. 87, p. 45-60, 2005.

SOUITARIS, V.; ZERBINATI, S.; AL-LAHAM, A. Do Entrepreneurship Programs Raise Entrepreneurial Intention of Science and Engineering Students?The Effect of Learning, Inspiration and Resources. Journal of Business Venturing, v. 22, n. 4, p. 566-591, 2007.

SPERA, C.; MATTO, H. C. A ContextualCongruence Model of Socialization. Family in Society, v. 88, n. 4, p. 551-560, 2007.

VOLLAND, B. On the Intergenerational Transmission of Preferences. Journal of Bioeconomics, v. 15, n. 3, p. 217-249, 2013.

WANG, C. K.; WONG, P. K. Entrepreneurial Interest of University Students in Singapore. Technovation, v. 24, n. 2, p. 163-172, 2004.

WEBER, M. Economy and Society (Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft). Koln: Lingen. 1930.

ZELLWEGER, T.; GANTER, M.; SIEGER, P.; PATEL, P. How Much Am I Expected to Pay for my Parents’ Firm?An Institutional Logics Perspective on Family Discounts. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice. No prelo. 2015.

ZELLWEGER, T.; SIEGER, P.; HALTER, F. Should I Stay or Should I Go?Career Choice Intentions of Students with Family Business Background. Journal of Business Venturing, v. 26, n. 5, p. 521-536, 2011.