Public Policies on Innovation and Small Businesses in a Swinging Economy Outros Idiomas

ID:
54915
Resumo:
The purpose of this paper is to analyze the adequacy of public policies that support innovation in small businesses in a swinging economy, particularly in Brazil.1 In order to make our case for more adequate public policies on innovation, we develop five propositions based on the assumption that innovation policies focused on fostering socioeconomic development should meet. We adopted a documentary research design, as we examined the policies produced by governmental bodies and agencies at the three governmental levels in Brazil – federation, states, and cities. Also, qualitative content analysis was performed in order to organize, codify and interpret the messages delivered by current innovation policies in the country. We found that most public policies on innovation and small businesses are short-sighted and generalist, borrowing metrics and evaluation criteria from the big enterprise context in an one-size-fits-all manner that, ultimately, cannot be applied to most small businesses and local contexts. As a contribution to theory, our five propositions could be used as starting points for future policy and administration research. On a practical level, we propose recommendations to policy-makers and offer insights on how an adequate policy affects a country’s competitiveness and socioeconomic development.
Citação ABNT:
SILVA, G.; SERIO, L. C.; BEZERRA, ?. D. Public Policies on Innovation and Small Businesses in a Swinging Economy . Brazilian Administration Review, v. 16, n. 3, p. 1-26, 2019.
Citação APA:
Silva, G., Serio, L. C., & Bezerra, ?. D. (2019). Public Policies on Innovation and Small Businesses in a Swinging Economy . Brazilian Administration Review, 16(3), 1-26.
DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1807-7692bar2019180140
Link Permanente:
http://www.spell.org.br/documentos/ver/54915/public-policies-on-innovation-and--small-businesses-in-a-swinging-economy-/i/pt-br
Tipo de documento:
Artigo
Idioma:
Inglês
Referências:
Acs, Z. J.; Audretsch, D. B. (1988). Innovation in large and small firms: An empirical analysis. The American Economic Review, 78(4), 678-690.

Acs, Z. J.; Audretsch, D. B. (2010). Introduction to the 2nd edition of the handbook of entrepreneurship research. In Z. J. Acs.; D. B. Audretsch (Eds.), Handbook of entrepreneurship research (pp. 1-19). New York, NY: Springer.

Acs, Z. J.; Stam, E.; Audretsch, D. B.; O’Connor, A. (2017). The lineages of the entrepreneurial ecosystem approach. Small Business Economics, 49(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-017-9864-8

Acs, Z. J.; Szerb, L. (2007). Entrepreneurship, economic growth and public policy. Small Business Economics, 28(23), 109-122. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-006-9012-3

Albiol-Sanchez, J.; Van Stel, A. (2016). Investigating the impact of small versus large firms on economic performance of countries and industries. In D. Bögenhold, J.-P. Bonnet, M. Dejardin.; D. Garcia Pérez de Lema (Eds.), Contemporary entrepreneurship (pp. 51-73). New York, NY: Springer.

Aldrich, H. E. (2012). The emergence of entrepreneurship as an academic field: A personal essay on institutional entrepreneurship. Research Policy, 41(7), 1240-1248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.03.013

Alvaredo, F.; Chancel, L.; Piketty, T.; Saez, E.; Zucman, G. (2017). World inequality report 2018. https://wir2018.wid.world/

Alvarez, S. A.; Barney, J. B. (2007). Discovery and creation: Alternative theories of entrepreneurial action. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 1(1-2), 11-26. https://doi.org/10.1002/sej.4

Alvarez, S. A.; Barney, J. B.; Anderson, P. (2013). Forming and exploiting opportunities: The implications of discovery and creation processes for entrepreneurial and organizational research. Organization Science, 24(1), 301-317. https://doi.org/10.1287/orsc.1110.0727

Audretsch, D. B. (2015). Everything in its place: Entrepreneurship and the strategic management of cities, regions, and states. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Audretsch, D. B.; Link, A. N. (2012). Entrepreneurship and innovation: Public policy frameworks. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 37(1), 1-17. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-011-9240-9

Autant-Bernard, C.; Fadairo, M.; Massard, N. (2013). Knowledge diffusion and innovation policies within the European regions: Challenges based on recent empirical evidence. Research Policy, 42(1), 196-210. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.07.009

Autio, E.; Kenney, M.; Mustar, P.; Siegel, D.; Wright, M. (2014). Entrepreneurial innovation: The importance of context. Research Policy, 43(7), 1097-1108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2014.01.015

Bajmócy, Z.; Gébert, J. (2014). The outlines of innovation policy in the capability approach. Technology in Society, 38, 93-102. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techsoc.2014.02.004

Bardin, L. (2011). Análise de conteúdo. São Paulo, Brazil: Almedina.

Barkhatov, V.; Pletnev, D.; Campa, A. (2016). Key success factors and barriers for small businesses: Comparative analysis. Procedia-Social & Behavioral Sciences, 221, 29-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.05.087

Berends, H.; Jelinek, M.; Reymen, I.; Stultiëns, R. (2014). Product innovation processes in small firms: Combining entrepreneurial effectuation and managerial causation. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 31(3), 616-635. https://doi.org/10.1111/jpim.12117

Bhupatiraju, S.; Nomaler, Ö.; Triulzi, G.; Verspagen, B. (2012). Knowledge flows: Analyzing the core literature of innovation, entrepreneurship and science and technology studies. Research Policy, 41(7), 1205-1218. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.03.011

Borges, C.; Bezerra, É. D.; Silva, G.; Andreassi, T.; Ferreira, V. R. S. (2018). Entrepreneurship policy in Brazil: Its focus and gaps. International Journal of Entrepreneurship & Small Business, 34(2), 183-203. https://doi.org/10.1504/ijesb.2018.10013257

Brush, C. G.; Chaganti, R. (1999). Businesses without glamour? An analysis of resources on performance by size and age in small service and retail firms. Journal of Business Venturing, 14(3), 233-257. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0883-9026(97)00103-1

Bruton, G. D.; Ahlstrom, D.; Obloj, K. (2008). Entrepreneurship in emerging economies: Where are we today and where should the research go in the future. Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, 32(1), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2007.00213.x

Bygrave, W.; Minniti, M. (2000). The social dynamics of entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, 24(3), 25-36. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F104225870002400302

Carland, J. C.; Carland, J. W.; Stewart, W. H. (2015). Seeing what’s not there: The enigma of entrepreneurship. Journal of Small Business Strategy, 7(1), 1-20. https://libjournals.mtsu.edu/index.php/jsbs/article/view/326/304

Carland, J. W.; Hoy, F.; Boulton, W. R.; Carland, J. A. C. (1984). Differentiating entrepreneurs from small business owners: A conceptualization. Academy of Management Review, 9(2), 354-359. https://doi.org/10.2307/258448

Carlsson, B.; Braunerhjelm, P.; McKelvey, M.; Olofsson, C.; Persson, L.; Ylinenpää, H. (2013). The evolving domain of entrepreneurship research. Small Business Economics, 41(4), 913-930. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187013-9503-y

Cooper, D.; Peake, W.; Watson, W. (2016). Seizing opportunities: The moderating role of managerial characteristics on the relationship between opportunity-seeking and innovation efficacy in small businesses. Journal of Small Business Management, 54(4), 1038-1058. https://doi.org/10.1111/jsbm.12228

Cornell University, INSEAD.; WIPO. (2018). Global innovation index 2018: Energizing the world with innovation. https://www.wipo.int/edocs/pubdocs/en/wipo_pub_gii_2018.pdf

Costa, A. B. (2016). Teoria econômica e política de inovação. Revista de Economia Contemporânea, 20(2), 281-307. https://doi.org/10.1590/198055272024

Crossan, M. M.; Apaydin, M. (2010). A multi-dimensional framework of organizational innovation: A systematic review of the literature. Journal of Management Studies, 47(6), 1154-1191. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.14676486.2009.00880.x

Damanpour, F. (2014). Footnotes to research on management innovation. Organization Studies, 35(9), 1265-1285. https://doi.org/10.1177/0170840614539312

Damanpour, F.; Wischnevsky, J. D. (2006). Research on innovation in organizations: Distinguishing innovation generating from innovation-adopting organizations. Journal of Engineering & Technology Management, 23(4), 269-291. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jengtecman.2006.08.002

De Jong, J. P. J.; Marsili, O. (2006). The fruit flies of innovations: A taxonomy of innovative small firms. Research Policy, 35(2), 213-229. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2005.09.007

Deaton, A. (2017). A grande saída: Saúde, riqueza e as origens da desigualdade. Rio de Janeiro, Brazil: Intrínseca.

Drèze, J.; Sen, A. (1999). India: Economic development and social opportunity. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Etzkowitz, H. (2012). Triple helix clusters: Boundary permeability at university-industry-government interfaces as a regional innovation strategy. Environment & Planning C: Government & Policy, 30(5), 766-779. https://doi.org/10.1068/c1182

Fadahunsi, A. (2012). The growth of small businesses: Towards a research agenda. American Journal of Economics & Business Administration, 4(1), 105-115. https://doi.org/10.3844/ajebasp.2012.105.115

Fagerberg, J.; Fosaas, M.; Sapprasert, K. (2012). Innovation: Exploring the knowledge base. Research Policy, 41(7), 1132-1153. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.03.008

Fagerberg, J.; Landström, H.; Martin, B. R. (2012). Exploring the emerging knowledge base of ‘the knowledge society’. Research Policy, 41(7), 1121-1131. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.03.007

Federação das Indústrias do Estado do Rio de Janeiro. (2017). Índice FIRJAN de gestão fiscal. https://www.firjan.com.br/ifgf/consulta-ao-indice/

Ferreira, J. J. M.; Fernandes, C. I.; Alves, H.; Raposo, M. L. (2015). Drivers of innovation strategies: Testing the Tidd and Bessant (2009) model. Journal of Business Research, 68(7), 1395-1403. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2015.01.021

Forsman, H. (2008). Business development success in SMEs: A case study approach. Journal of Small Business & Enterprise Development, 15(3), 606-622. https://doi.org/10.1108/14626000810892382

Forsman, H. (2009). Improving innovation capabilities of small enterprises: Cluster strategy as a tool. International Journal of Innovation Management, 13(2), 221-243. https://doi.org/10.1142/s1363919609002273

Forsman, H. (2011). Innovation capacity and innovation development in small enterprises: A comparison between the manufacturing and service sectors. Research Policy, 40(5), 739-750. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2011.02.003

Franco, M.; Haase, H. (2010). Failure factors in small and medium-sized enterprises: Qualitative study from an attributional perspective. International Entrepreneurship & Management Journal, 6(4), 503-521. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-009-0124-5

Freel, M. S. (2005). Patterns of innovation and skills in small firms. Technovation, 25(2), 123-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0166-4972(03)00082-8

Garcia, R.; Calantone, R. (2002). A critical look at technological innovation typology and innovativeness terminology: A literature review. Journal of Product Innovation Management, 19(2), 110-132. https://doi.org/10.1111/1540-5885.1920110

Gardner, J. W. (1961). Excellence: Can we be equal and excellent too? New York, NY: Harper & Row.

Garud, R.; Gehman, J.; Giuliani, A. P. (2014). Contextualizing entrepreneurial innovation: A narrative perspective. Research Policy, 43(7), 1177-1188. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2014.04.015

George, G.; Rao-Nicholson, R.; Corbishley, C.; Bansal, R. (2015). Institutional entrepreneurship, governance, and poverty: Insights from emergency medical response services in India. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 32(1), 39-65. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10490-014-9377-9

Gjelsvik, M. (2018). Universities, innovation and competitiveness in regional economies. International Journal of Technology Management, 76(1-2), 10-31. https://doi.org/10.1504/ijtm.2018.10009596

Hadjimanolis, A. (1999). Barriers to innovation for SMEs in a small less developed country (Cyprus). Technovation, 19(9), 561-570. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0166-4972(99)00034-6

Hampel-Milagrosa, A.; Loewe, M.; Reeg, C. (2015). The entrepreneur makes a difference: Evidence on MSE upgrading factors from Egypt, India, and the Philippines. World Development, 66, 118-130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.08.005

Henrekson, M. (2014). Entrepreneurship, innovation, and human flourishing. Small Business Economics, 43(3), 511-528. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-014-9551-y

Hervas-Oliver, J.-L.; Garrigos, J. A.; Gil-Pechuan, I. (2011). Making sense of innovation by R&D and non-R&D innovators in low technology contexts: A forgotten lesson for policymakers. Technovation, 31(9), 427-446. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2011.06.006

Hildreth, P.; Bailey, D. (2013). The economics behind the move to ‘localism’ in England. Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economy & Society, 6(2), 233-249. https://doi.org/10.1093/cjres/rst004

Hirsch-Kreinsen, H. (2008). “Low-tech” innovations. Industry & Innovation, 15(1), 19-43. https://doi.org/10.1080/13662710701850691

Howells, J. (2005). Innovation and regional economic development: A matter of perspective? Research Policy, 34(8), 1220-1234. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2005.03.014

Huggins, R.; Thompson, P. (2014). A network-based view of regional growth. Journal of Economic Geography, 14(3), 511-545.

Huggins, R.; Thompson, P. (2015). Entrepreneurship, innovation and regional growth: A network theory. Small Business Economics, 45(1), 103-128. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-015-9643-3

Huggins, R.; Williams, N. (2011). Entrepreneurship and regional competitiveness: The role and progression of policy. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 23(9-10), 907-932. https://doi.org/10.1080/08985626.2011.577818

In force. (n.d.). In Merriam-Webster’s online dictionary. https://www.merriamwebster.com/dictionary/in%20force

Intarakumnerd, P.; Chairatana, P.-A.; Tangchitpiboon, T. (2002). National innovation system in less successful developing countries: The case of Thailand. Research Policy, 31(8-9), 1445-1457. https://doi.org/10.1016/s00487333(02)00074-4

Isenberg, D. J. (2010, June). How to start an entrepreneurial revolution. Harvard Business Review, 88(6), 40-50. https://hbr.org/2010/06/the-big-idea-how-to-start-an-entrepreneurial-revolution

Keupp, M. M.; Palmié, M.; Gassmann, O. (2012). The strategic management of innovation: A systematic review and paths for future research. International Journal of Management Reviews, 14(4), 367-390. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2370.2011.00321.x

Landström, H.; Åström, F.; Harirchi, G. (2015). Innovation and entrepreneurship studies: One or two fields of research? International Entrepreneurship & Management Journal, 11(3), 493-509. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365013-0282-3

Landström, H.; Harirchi, G. (2018). The social structure of entrepreneurship as a scientific field. Research Policy, 47(3), 650-662. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2018.01.013

Landström, H.; Harirchi, G.; Åström, F. (2012). Entrepreneurship: Exploring the knowledge base. Research Policy, 41(7), 1154-1181. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2012.03.009

Laranja, M.; Uyarra, E.; Flanagan, K. (2008). Policies for science, technology and innovation: Translating rationales into regional policies in a multi-level setting. Research Policy, 37(5), 823-835. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2008.03.006

Lee, S. Y.; Florida, R.; Acs, Z. (2004). Creativity and entrepreneurship: A regional analysis of new firm formation. Regional Studies, 38(8), 879-891. https://doi.org/10.1080/0034340042000280910

Leitner, A.; Wehrmeyer, W.; France, C. (2010). The impact of regulation and policy or radical eco-innovation: The need for a new understanding. Management Research Review, 33(11), 1022-1041. https://doi.org/10.1108/01409171011085877

Liu, F.-C.; Simon, D. F.; Sun, Y.-T.; Cao, C. (2011). China’s innovation policies: Evolution, institutional structure, and trajectory. Research Policy, 40(7), 917-931. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2011.05.005

Lundström, A.; Stevenson, L. (2005). Entrepreneurship policy: Theory and practice. New York, NY: Springer.

Mahapatra, R. (2017, October 25). Forget 2022, more than 110 million Indians would remain poor forever. https://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/governance/forget-the-target-of-2022-more-than-110-million-indianswould-remain-poor-forever-58934.

Marcotte, C. (2014). Entrepreneurship and innovation in emerging economies: Conceptual, methodological and contextual issues. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 20(1), 42-65. https://doi.org/10.1108/ijebr-09-2012-0089

Martínez-Román, J. A.; Romero, I. (2013). About the determinants of the degree of novelty in small businesses’ product innovations. International Entrepreneurship & Management Journal, 9(4), 655-677. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11365-013-0269-0

Mazzarol, T.; Reboud, S. (2011). Strategic innovation in small firms: An international analysis of innovation and strategic decision making in small to medium sized enterprises. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.

McCraw, T. K. (2007). Prophet of innovation: Joseph Schumpeter and creative destruction. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press.

McGuirk, H.; Lenihan, H.; Hart, M. (2015). Measuring the impact of innovative human capital on small firms’ propensity to innovate. Research Policy, 44(4), 965-976. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2014.11.008

Mehta, A. K.; Shah, A. (2003). Chronic poverty in India: Incidence, causes and policies. World Development, 31(3), 491-511. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0305-750x(02)00212-7

Minniti, M. (2008). The role of government policy on entrepreneurial activity: Productive, unproductive, or destructive? Entrepreneurship Theory & Practice, 32(5), 779-790. https://doi.org/10.1111%2Fj.15406520.2008.00255.x

Mirzanti, I. R.; Simatupang, T. M.; Larso, D. (2015). Mapping on entrepreneurship policy in Indonesia. ProcediaSocial & Behavioral Sciences, 169, 346-353. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.01.319

Mrożewski, M.; Kratzer, J. (2017). Entrepreneurship and country-level innovation: Investigating the role of entrepreneurial opportunities. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 42(5), 1125-1142. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-016-9479-2

Nd. (2011). Lei n. 12.527, de 18 de novembro de 2011. (2011). Regula o acesso a informações previsto no inciso XXXIII do art. 5º, no inciso II do § 3º do art. 37 e no § 2º do art. 216 da Constituição Federal; altera a Lei nº 8.112, de 11 de dezembro de 1990; revoga a Lei nº 11.111, de 5 de maio de 2005, e dispositivos da Lei nº 8.159, de 8 de janeiro de 1991; e dá outras providências. http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_ato20112014/2011/lei/l12527.htm

Öner, M. A.; Kunday, Ö. (2016). A study on Schumpeterian and Kirznerian entrepreneurship in Turkey: 2006- 2013. Technological Forecasting & Social Change, 102, 62-71. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.techfore.2015.09.005

OXFAM International. (n.d.). India: Extreme inequality in numbers. https://www.oxfam.org/en/evenit/india-extreme-inequality-numbers/

Pansera, M.; Martinez, F. (2017). Innovation for development and poverty reduction: An integrative literature review. Journal of Management Development, 36(1), 2-13. https://doi.org/10.1108/jmd-02-2015-0013

Parida, V.; Oghazi, P.; Cedergren, S. (2016). A study of how ICT capabilities can influence dynamic capabilities. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 29(2), 179-201. https://doi.org/10.1108/jeim-07-2012-0039

Patanakul, P.; Pinto, J. K. (2014). Examining the roles of government policy on innovation. The Journal of High Technology Management Research, 25(2), 97-107. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hitech.2014.07.003

Petrakis, P. E.; Kostis, P. C.; Valsamis, D. G. (2015). Innovation and competitiveness: Culture as a long-term strategic instrument during the European Great Recession. Journal of Business Research, 68(7), 1436-1438. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbusres.2015.01.029

Plotnikova, M.; Romero, I.; Martínez-Román, J. A. (2016). Process innovation in small businesses: The selfemployed as entrepreneurs. Small Business Economics, 47(4), 939-954. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-016-9743-8

Qian, H.; Acs, Z. J.; Stough, R. R. (2013). Regional systems of entrepreneurship: The nexus of human capital, knowledge and new firm formation. Journal of Economic Geography, 13(4), 559-587. https://doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbs009

Qian, H.; Haynes, K. E. (2014). Beyond innovation: The small business innovation research program as entrepreneurship policy. The Journal of Technology Transfer, 39(4), 524-543. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-0139323-x

Ramos-Mejía, M.; Franco-Garcia, M.-L.; Jauregui-Becker, J. M. (2018). Sustainability transitions in the developing world: Challenges of socio-technical transformations unfolding in contexts of poverty. Environmental Science & Policy, 84, 217-223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2017.03.010

Reynolds, P. D.; Storey, D. J.; Westhead, P. (1994). Cross national comparisons of the variation in new firm formation rates. Regional Studies, 28(4), 443-456. https://doi.org/10.1080/00343409412331348306

Rodrigues, E. (2019). Seis Estados já declararam situação de calamidade financeira. O Estado de S.Paulo. https://economia.estadao.com.br/noticias/geral,seis-estados-ja-declararam-situacao-de-calamidadefinanceira,70002683568.

Romero, I.; Martínez-Román, J. A. (2012). Self-employment and innovation. Exploring the determinants of innovative behavior in small businesses. Research Policy, 41(1), 178-189. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2011.07.005

Roper, S.; Love, J. H.; Bonner, K. (2017). Firms’ knowledge search and local knowledge externalities in innovation performance. Research Policy, 46(1), 43-56. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2016.10.004

Rothwell, R. (1989). Small firms, innovation and industrial change. Small Business Economics, 1(1), 51-64. https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00389916

Sahut, J.-M.; Peris-Ortiz, M. (2014). Small business, innovation, and entrepreneurship. Small Business Economics, 42(4), 663-668. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-013-9521-9

Santamaría, L.; Nieto, M. J.; Barge-Gil, A. (2009). Beyond formal R&D: Taking advantage of other sources of innovation in low-and medium-technology industries. Research Policy, 38(3), 507-517. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2008.10.004

Saunders, M.; Lewis, P.; Thornill, A. (2009). Research methods for business students. Harlow, England: Pearson Education.

Schiller, D. (2006). Nascent innovation systems in developing countries: University responses to regional needs in Thailand. Industry & Innovation, 13(4), 481-504. https://doi.org/10.1080/13662710601032903

Schumpeter, J. A. (1939). Business cycles: A theoretical, historical and statistical analysis of the capitalist process. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Sen, A. (2010). Desenvolvimento como liberdade. São Paulo, Brazil: Companhia das Letras.

Shane, S. (2012). Reflections on the 2010 AMR decade award: Delivering on the promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 37(1), 10-20. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.2011.0078

Silva, G.; Dacorso, A. L. R.; Costa, V. B.; Di Serio, L. C. (2016). Relationships and partnerships in small companies: Strengthening the business through external agents. Brazilian Administration Review, 13(1), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1590/1807-7692barnaahead0116

Silva, G.; Dacorso, A. L. R.; Montenegro, L. M. (2016). Mais do que negócios abertos, mentes abertas. Revista de Empreendedorismo e Gestão de Pequenas Empresas, 5(2), 2-23. https://doi.org/10.14211/regepe.v5i2.346

Squicciarini, M. (2017). Entrepreneurship, innovation and enterprise dynamics. Small Business Economics, 48(2), 273278. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-016-9784-z

Stephens, H. M.; Partridge, M. D.; Faggian, A. (2013). Innovation, entrepreneurship and economic growth in lagging regions. Journal of Regional Science, 53(5), 778-812. https://doi.org/10.1111/jors.12019

Storey, D. J. (2014). Understanding the small business sector: Reflections and confessions. In P. Braunerhjelm (Ed.), 20 years of entrepreneurship research, Swedish entrepreneurship forum. (pp. 21-33). Stockholm, Sweden: Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum.

Thurik, A. R.; Stam, E.; Audretsch, D. B. (2013). The rise of the entrepreneurial economy and the future of dynamic capitalism. Technovation, 33(8-9), 302-310. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2013.07.003

Tödtling, F.; Trippl, M. (2005). One size fits all?: Towards a differentiated regional innovation policy approach. Research Policy, 34(8), 1203-1219. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2005.01.018

Tsuja, P. Y.; Mariño, J. O. (2013). The influence of the environment on organizational innovation in service companies in Peru. Revista Brasileira de Gestão de Negócios, 15(49), 582-600. https://doi.org/10.7819/rbgn.v15i49.1586

Van der Sluis, J.; Van Praag, M.; Vijverberg, W. (2008). Education and entrepreneurship selection and performance: A review of the empirical literature. Journal of Economic Surveys, 22(5), 795-841. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6419.2008.00550.x

Van Stel, A.; Carree, M.; Thurik, R. (2005). The effect of entrepreneurial activity on national economic growth. Small Business Economics, 24(3), 311-321. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11187-005-1996-6

Veugelers, R.; Schweiger, H. (2016). Innovation policies in transition countries: One size fits all? Economic Change & Restructuring, 49(2-3), 241-267. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10644-015-9167-5

Von Tunzelmann, N.; Acha, V. (2005). Innovation in “low-tech” industries. In J. Fagerberg.; D. C. Mowery (Eds.), The Oxford handbook of innovation (Chapter 15, pp. 407-432). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

World Economic Forum. (2018). The global competitiveness report 2018 - Brazil. http://reports.weforum.org/global-competitiveness-report-2018/country-economy-profiles/#economy=BRA

Zaridis, A. D.; Mousiolis, D. T. (2014). Entrepreneurship and SME’s organizational structure. Elements of a successful business. Procedia - Social & Behavioral Sciences, 148, 463-467. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.07.066