Sustainability, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship: A Research with Administration and Secretariat Students Outros Idiomas

ID:
54938
Periódico:
Resumo:
Este estudo tem como objetivo analisar a influência dos constructos comportamentais sustentáveis e inovadores na intenção empreendedora dos universitários dos cursos de Administração e Secretariado Executivo. Adicionalmente, busca-se investigar a influência do gênero e dos familiares empreendedores na intenção empreendedora. Trata-se de uma pesquisa descritiva, de natureza quantitativa, em que se obteve uma amostra de 429 estudantes de uma universidade pública, sendo 285 do curso de Administração e 144 do curso de Secretariado Executivo. Para o tratamento dos dados, utilizaram-se técnicas de análise multivariada de dados, como a análise fatorial e a regressão logística. Os resultados apontaram que o comportamento sustentável e inovador exerce influência na intenção empreendedora dos estudantes dos cursos de Administração e Secretariado Executivo. Ademais, os familiares empreendedores influenciam fortemente na intenção empreendedora desses indivíduos. Para o curso de administração, houve influência do gênero (homens) na intenção empreendedora, mostrando-se que os homens estão mais propensos ao empreendedorismo do que as mulheres, fato não elucidado para os estudantes do curso de Secretariado Executivo. Como a intenção empreendedora é relevante na atualidade, este estudo visa contribuir para fomentar o incentivo de políticas e práticas direcionadas às Instituições de Ensino Superior (IES), com a expectativa de que as IES possam incorporar estudos e práticas ambientais, inovadoras e sociais alinhadas ao empreendedorismo – a fim de potencializar benefícios sociais e ambientais gerados pelos empreendedores.
Citação ABNT:
PAIVA, L. E. B.; LIMA, T. C. B.; SOUSA, E. S.; PONTES, E. S. Sustainability, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship: A Research with Administration and Secretariat Students . Revista de Negócios, v. 24, n. 3, p. 7-26, 2019.
Citação APA:
Paiva, L. E. B., Lima, T. C. B., Sousa, E. S., & Pontes, E. S. (2019). Sustainability, Innovation, and Entrepreneurship: A Research with Administration and Secretariat Students . Revista de Negócios, 24(3), 7-26.
DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.7867/1980-4431.2019v24n3p7-26
Link Permanente:
http://www.spell.org.br/documentos/ver/54938/sustainability--innovation--and-entrepreneurship--a-research-with-administration-and-secretariat-students-/i/pt-br
Tipo de documento:
Artigo
Idioma:
Inglês
Referências:
Font, X.; Garay, L.; Jones, S. (2016). Sustainability motivations and practices in small tourism enterprises in European protected areas. Journal of Cleaner production, (137), 1439-1448.

Ajzen, I. (1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational behavior and human decision processes, 50(2), 179-211.

Armstrong, S. J.; Hird, A. (2009). Cognitive style and entrepreneurial drive of new and mature business owner-managers. Journal of Business Psychology, 24(4), 419-430.

Arregle, J. L.; Batjargal, B.; Hitt, M. A.; Webb, J. W.; Miller, T.; Tsui, A. S. (2015). Family ties in entrepreneurs’ social networks and new venture growth. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 39(2), 313-344.

Arshad, M.; Farooq, O.; Sultana, N.; Farooq, M. (2016). Determinants of individuals’ entrepreneurial intentions: a gender-comparative study. Career Development International, 21(4), 318-339.

Autio, E.; H. Keeley, R.; Klofsten, M.; GC Parker, G.; Hay, M. (2001). Entrepreneurial intent among students in Scandinavia and in the USA. Enterprise and Innovation Management Studies, 2(2), 145-160.

Barbosa, S. D.; Gerhardt, M. W.; Kickul, J. R. (2007). The role of cognitive style and risk preference on entrepreneurial self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 13(4), 86-104.

Barbosa, S. M. C.; Durante, D. G. (2013). Secretariado Executivo e empreendedorismo: realidade ou utopia? Revista de Gestão e Secretariado, 4(1), 56-74.

Baron, R.; Shane, S. (2007). Entrepreneurship: a process perspective. Toronto: Nelson Education.

Bergmann, H.; Hundt, C.; Sternberg, R. (2016). What makes student entrepreneurs?On the relevance (and irrelevance) of the university and the regional context for student start-ups. Small Business Economics, 47(1), 53-76.

Birchler, A. E.; Teixeira, A. (2017). A intenção empreendedora de estudantes e os fatores que a influenciam. Revista de Negócios, 22(2), 7-22.

Boszczowski, A. K.; Teixeira, R. M. (2012). O empreendedorismo sustentável e o processo empreendedor: em busca de oportunidades de novos negócios como solução para problemas sociais e ambientais. Revista Economia & Gestão, 12(29), 141-168.

Bratt, C. (1999). The impact of norms and assumed consequences on recycling behavior. Environment and Behavior, 31(5), 630-656.

Brenner, O. C. (1982). Relationship of education to sex, managerial status, and the managerial stereotype. Journal of Applied Psychology, 67(3), 380-383.

Bruin, A.; Brush, C. G.; Welter, F. (2007). Advancing a framework for coherent research on women's entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 31(3), 323-339.

Camelo-Ordaz, C.; Diánez-González, J. P.; Ruiz-Navarro, J. (2016). The influence of gender on entrepreneurial intention: The mediating role of perceptual factors. BRQ Business Research Quarterly, 19(4), 261-277.

Camozzato, E. S.; Serafim, F. K.; Cavalheiro, C. C. M.; Lizote, S. A.; Verdinelli, M. A. (2018). Estilo cognitivo e intenção empreendedora dos estudantes de administração. Revista Gestão Universitária na América Latina-GUAL, 11(3), 105-121.

Cañizares, S. M. S.; Garcia, F. J. F. (2010). Gender differences in entrepreneurial attitude. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion: An International Journal, (29), 766-786.

Cantner, U.; Goethner, M.; Silbereisen, R. K. (2017). Schumpeter’s entrepreneur–A rare case. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 27(1), 187-214.

Carland, J. W.; Hoy, F.; Boulton, W. R.; Carland, J. A. C. (2007). Differentiating entrepreneurs from small business owners: A conceptualization. In: Entrepreneurship. p. 73-81. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.

Carvalho, P. M. R. D.; González, L. (2006). Modelo explicativo sobre a intenção empreendedora. Comportamento Organizacional e Gestão, 12(1), 43-65.

Ching, H. Y.; Kitahara, J. R. (2015). Propensão a empreender: uma investigação quantitativa baseada nas características empreendedoras de alunos do curso de administração. Revista de Ciências da Administração, 1(1), 99-111.

Collis, J.; Hussey, R. (2005). Pesquisa em administração: um guia prático para alunos de graduação e pós-graduação. Bookman.

Corral-Verdugo, V. (2012). The positive psychology of sustainability. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 14(5), 651-666.

Corral-Verdugo, V.; Pinheiro, J. Q. (1999). Condições para o estudo do comportamento próambiental. Estudos de Psicologia, 4(1), 7-22.

Cruz, B. D. P. A.; Botelho, D. (2016). Influenciadores da Percepção de Eficácia do Boicote e Intenção de Boicotar. Revista Pensamento Contemporâneo em Administração, 10(4), 99-113.

Damanpour, F. (1991). Organizational innovation: A meta-analysis of effects of determinants and moderators. Academy of management journal, 34(3), 555-590.

De Leeuw, A.; Valois, P.; Ajzen, I.; Schmidt, P. (2015). Using the theory of planned behavior to identify key beliefs underlying pro-environmental behavior in high-school students: Implications for educational interventions. Journal of Environmental Psychology, (42), 128-138.

De Wit, G.; Van Winden, F. A. (1989). An empirical analysis of self-employment in the Netherlands. Small Business Economics, 1(4), 263-272.

Delmar, F.; Davidsson, P. (2000). Where do they come from?Prevalence and characteristics of nascent entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 12(1), 1-23.

Elkington, J. (1997). Cannibals with forks: The triple bottom line of twentieth century business. Capstone: Oxford.

Elkington, J. (2013). Enter the triple bottom line. In: The triple bottom line. p. 23-38. Routledge.

Esfandiar, K.; Sharifi-Tehrani, M.; Pratt, S.; Altinay, L. (2019). Understanding entrepreneurial intentions: A developed integrated structural model approach. Journal of Business Research, (94), 172-182.

European Commission. (2013). Commnication from the commission to the European parliament, the council, the European economic and social committee and the committee of the regions. Emtrepreneurship 2020. Action Plan.

Fayolle, A.; Gailly, B. (2015). The impact of entrepreneurship education on entrepreneurial attitudes and intention: Hysteresis and persistence. Journal of Small Business Management, 53(1), 75-93.

Fayolle, A.; Liñán, F. (2014). The future of research on entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Business Research, 67(5), 663-666.

Fischer, D.; Mauer, R.; Brettel, M. (2018). Regulatory focus theory and sustainable entrepreneurship. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 24(2), 408-428.

Foxall, G. R.; Hackett, P. M. (1992). The factor structure and construct validity of the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory. Personality and Individual Differences, 13(9), 967-975.

Gonçalves-Dias, S. L. F.; Teodósio, A. D. S. D. S.; Carvalho, S.; Silva, H. M. R. D. (2009). Consciência ambiental: um estudo exploratório sobre suas implicações para o ensino de administração. RAE-eletrônica, 8(1), 1-22.

Gürol, Y.; Atsan, N. (2006). Entrepreneurial characteristics amongst university students: Some insights for entrepreneurship education and training in Turkey. Education+ Training, 48(1), 25-38.

Hair, J. F.; Black, W. C.; Babin, B. J.; Anderson, R. E.; Tatham, R. L. (2009). Análise multivariada de dados. Bookman Editora.

Hallam, C.; Zanella, G.; Dorantes Dosamantes, C. A.; Cardenas, C. (2016). Measuring entrepreneurial intent? Temporal construal theory shows it depends on your timing. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 22(5), 671-697.

Hindle, K.; Klyver, K.; Jennings, D. F. (2009). An “informed” intent model: Incorporating human capital, social capital, and gender variables into the theoretical model of entrepreneurial intentions. In Understanding the entrepreneurial mind. p. 35-50). Springer, New York, NY.

Hughes, K. D.; Jennings, J. E.; Brush, C.; Carter, S.; Welter, F. (2012). Extending women's entrepreneurship research in new directions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 36(3), 429-442.

Hutchinson, L. R.; Skinner, N. F. (2007). Selfawareness and cognitive style: Relationships among adaption-innovation, self-monitoring, and self-consciousness. Social Behavior and Personality: An International Journal, 35(4), 551-560.

Hutchison, E. D. (2018). Dimensions of human behavior: The changing life course. Sage Publications.

Kaiser, F. G.; Doka, G.; Hofstetter, P.; Ranney, M. A. (2003). Ecological behavior and its environmental consequences: A life cycle assessment of a self-report measure. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 23(1), 11-20.

Khuong, M. N.; An, N. H. (2016). The factors affecting entrepreneurial intention of the students of Vietnam national university - a mediation analysis of perception toward entrepreneurship. Journal of Economics, Business and Management, 4(2), 104-111.

Kirton, M. (1976). Adaptors and innovators: A description and measure. Journal of Applied Psychology, 61(5), 622-629.

Kirton, M. J. (1984). Adaptors and innovators - Why new initiatives get blocked. Long range planning, 17(2), 137-143.

Kollmann, T.; Stöckmann, C.; Meves, Y.; Kensbock, J. M. (2017). When members of entrepreneurial teams differ: linking diversity in individual-level entrepreneurial orientation to team performance. Small Business Economics, 48(4), 843-859.

Krueger, N. F.; Carsrud, A. L. (1993). Entrepreneurial intentions: applying the theory of planned behaviour. Entrepreneurship & Regional Development, 5(4), 315-330.

Krueger, N. F.; Reilly, M. D.; Carsrud, A. L. (2000). Competing models of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of business venturing, 15(5-6), 411-432.

Kuckertz, A.; Wagner, M. (2010). The influence of sustainability orientation on entrepreneurial intentions—Investigating the role of business experience. Journal of Business Venturing, 25(5), 524-539.

Lewis, P. (2006). The quest for invisibility: Female entrepreneurs and the masculine norm of entrepreneurship. Gender, Work & Organization, 13(5), 453-469.

Liñán, F.; Chen, Y. W. (2009). Development and Cross‐Cultural application of a specific instrument to measure entrepreneurial intentions. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 33(3), 593-617.

Loiola, E.; Gondim, S. M. G.; Pereira, C. R.; Ferreira, A. S. M. (2016). Ação planejada e intenção empreendedora entre universitários: analisando preditores e mediadores. Revista Psicologia Organizações e Trabalho, 16(1), 22-35.

Lumpkin, G. T.; Dess, G. G. (1996). Clarifying the entrepreneurial orientation construct and linking it to performance. Academy of management Review, 21(1), 135-172.

Lüthje, C.; Franke, N. (2003). The ‘making’of an entrepreneur: testing a model of entrepreneurial intent among engineering students at MIT. R&D Management, 33(2), 135-147.

Marcati, A.; Guido, G.; Peluso, A. M. (2008). The role of SME entrepreneurs’ innovativeness and personality in the adoption of innovations. Research Policy, 37(9), 1579-1590.

Martins, F. S.; Santos, E. B. A.; Silveira, A. (2019). Intenção Empreendedora: Categorização, Classificação de Construtos e Proposição de Modelo. Brazilian Business Review, 16(1), 46-62.

Minton, E. A.; Spielmann, N.; Kahle, L. R.; Kim, C. H. (2018). The subjective norms of sustainable consumption: A cross-cultural exploration. Journal of Business Research, 82, 400-408.

Mirjana, P. B.; Ana, A.; Marjana, M. (2018). Examining determinants of entrepreneurial intentions in Slovenia: applying the theory of planned behaviour and an innovative cognitive style. Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 31(1), 1453-1471.

Molaei, R.; Reza Zali, M.; Hasan Mobaraki, M.; Yadollahi Farsi, J. (2014). The impact of entrepreneurial ideas and cognitive style on students entrepreneurial intention. Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 6(2), 140-162.

Moriano, J. A.; Gorgievski, M.; Laguna, M.; Stephan, U.; Zarafshani, K. (2012). A crosscultural approach to understanding entrepreneurial intention. Journal of career development, 39(2), 162-185.

Mueller, S. L.; Dato-On, M. C. (2008). Genderrole orientation as a determinant of entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 13(01), 3-20.

Mueller, S. L.; Thomas, A. S. (2001). Culture and entrepreneurial potential: A nine country study of locus of control and innovativeness. Journal of business venturing, 16(1), 51-75.

Muñoz, P. (2018). A cognitive map of sustainable decision-making in entrepreneurship: A configurational approach. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 24(3), 787-813.

Muñoz, P.; Cohen, B. (2018). Sustainable entrepreneurship research: Taking stock and looking ahead. Business Strategy and the Environment, 27(3), 300-322.

Nd. (2005). Resolução nº 3, de 23 de junho de 2005. Institui as Diretrizes Curriculares Nacionais para o curso de graduação em Secretariado Executivo e dá outras providências. Brasília, DF. http://portal.mec.gov.br/cne/arquivos/pdf/rces003 _05.pdf

Oliveira, B. M. F.; Vieira, D.; Laguía, A.; Moriano, J. A.; Soares, V. J. S. (2016). Intenção empreendedora em estudantes universitários: adaptação e validação de uma escala (QIE). Avaliaçao Psicologica, 15(2), 187-196.

Paiva, L. E. B.; Bandeira, E. L.; Soares, R. A. (2016). Aspectos comportamentais do empreendedorismo sustentável na intenção empreendedora dos estudantes universitários. In. Encontro da Associação Nacional de PósGraduação e Pesquisa em Administração, Costa do Sauípe, BA. 40. 2016.

Paiva, L. E. B.; Lima, T. C. B.; Rebouças, S. M. D. P.; Ferreira, E. M. D. M.; Fontenele, R. E. S. (2018). Influência da sustentabilidade e da inovação na intenção empreendedora de universitários brasileiros e portugueses. Cadernos EBAPE. BR, 16(4), 732-747.

Parrish, B. D. (2008). Sustainability-driven entrepreneurship: a literature review. University of Leeds, School of Earth & Environment.

Pato, C. M. L.; Tamayo, Á. (2006). A escala de comportamento ecológico: desenvolvimento e validação de um instrumento de medida. Estudos de Psicologia, 11(3), 289-296.

Pauceanu, A.; Alpenidze, O.; Edu, T.; Zaharia, R. (2019). What determinants influence students to start their own business?Empirical evidence from United Arab Emirates Universities. Sustainability, 11(1), 1-23.

Paul, J.; Hermel, P.; Srivatava, A. (2017). Entrepreneurial intentions—theory and evidence from Asia, America, and Europe. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 15(3), 324-351.

Pereira, G. D. F.; Cordeiro, A. T.; Silva, M. A. P.; Batista, M. M. (2013). Empreendedorismo regional: um olhar sobre a identidade cultural em narrativas locais. Revista de Negócios, 18(2), 3-26.

Randerson, K.; Bettinelli, C.; Fayolle, A.; Anderson, A. (2015). Family entrepreneurship as a field of research: Exploring its contours and contents. Journal of Family Business Strategy, 6(3), 143-154.

Rico, P.; Cabrer-Borrás, B. (2018). Gender differences in self-employment in Spain. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 10(1), 19-38.

Rodermund, E. S. (2004). Pathways to successful entrepreneurship: Parenting, personality, early entrepreneurial competence, and interests. Journal of vocational behavior, 65(3), 498-518.

Santos, F. J.; Roomi, M. A.; Liñán, F. (2016). About gender differences and the social environment in the development of entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Small Business Management, 54(1), 49-66.

Schlange, L. E. (2009). Stakeholder Identification in Sustainability Entrepreneurship. Greener Management International, (55), 13-32.

Schmidt, C. M.; Monteiro, G. F. D. A.; Hayashi, S.; Tokuno, D.; Marinho, B. D. L.; Cielo, I. D. Perfil empreendedor: um estudo com acadêmicos de administração e secretariado executivo. Revista Expectativa, 7(7), 51-64.

Schmuck, P.; Schultz, P. W. (2002). Sustainable development as a challenge for psychology. In Psychology of sustainable development. p. 3-17. Springer, Boston, MA.

Schröder, E.; Schmitt-Rodermund, E. (2006). Crystallizing enterprising interests among adolescents through a career development program: The role of personality and family background. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 69(3), 494-509.

Schumpeter, J. A. (2017). Essays: on entrepreneurs, innovations, business cycles and the evolution of capitalism. Routledge.

Shane, S.; Locke, E. A.; Collins, C. J. (2003). Entrepreneurial motivation. Human resource management review, 13(2), 257-279.

Shapero, A. (1985). The entrepreneurial event. College of Administrative Science, Ohio State University.

Shapero, A.; Sokol, L. (1982). The social dimensions of entrepreneurship.

Shinnar, R. S.; Giacomin, O.; Janssen, F. (2012). Entrepreneurial perceptions and intentions: The role of gender and culture. Entrepreneurship Theory and practice, 36(3), 465-493.

Sieger, P.; Minola, T. (2017). The family's financial support as a “Poisoned gift”: A family embeddedness perspective on entrepreneurial intentions. Journal of Small Business Management, 55(1), 179-204.

Silva, M. A.; Gomes, L. F.; Correia, M. (2009). Cultura e orientação empreendedora: uma pesquisa comparativa entre empreendedores em incubadoras no Brasil e em Portugal. RAC-Revista de Administração Contemporânea, 13(1), 57-71.

Silveira, A.; Backes, D. A. P.; Kobayashi, A. R. K. (2017). Sustainable entrepreneurship: the scientific production of the 21st century. Revista de Negócios, 22(3), 22-37.

Solhi, S.; Koshkaki, E. (2016). The antecedents of entrepreneurial innovative behavior in developing countries, a networked grounded theory approach (case study Iran). Journal of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Economies, 8(2), 225-262.

Soomro, B. A.; Shah, N. (2015). Developing attitudes and intentions among potential entrepreneurs. Journal of Enterprise Information Management, 28(2), 304-322.

Straughan, R. D.; Roberts, J. A. (1999). Environmental segmentation alternatives: a look at green consumer behavior in the new millennium. Journal of Consumer Marketing, 16(6), 558-575.

Stum, J. (2009). Kirton’s adaption-innovation theory: managing cognitive styles in times of diversity and change. Emerging Leadership Journeys, 2(1), 66-78.

Subotic, M.; Maric, M.; Mitrovic, S.; Mesko, M. (2018). Differences between adaptors and innovators in the context of entrepreneurial potential dimensions. Kybernetes, 47(7), 1363-1377.

Teixeira, A. A.; Davey, T. (2010). Attitudes of Higher Education students to new venture creation: a preliminary approach to the Portuguese case. Industry and Higher Education, 24(5), 323-341.

Thomas, A. S.; Mueller, S. L. (2000). A case for comparative entrepreneurship: Assessing the relevance of culture. Journal of International Business Studies, 31(2), 287-301.

Tilley, F.; Parrish, B. D. (2009). Introduction. Greener Management International.

Turunç, Ö.; Türköz, T.; Akkoç, İ.; Çalişkan, A. (2013). How do innovative and entrepreneurial behaviours affect the job performance?The moderating role of person-organisation fit. International Journal of Business Innovation and Research, 7(5), 590-618.

Van Auken, H.; Stephens, P.; Fry, F. L.; Silva, J. (2006). Role model influences on entrepreneurial intentions: A comparison between USA and Mexico. The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 2(3), 325-336.

Van der Wal, A. J.; Van Horen, F.; Grinstein, A. (2018). Temporal myopia in sustainable behavior under uncertainty. International Journal of Research in Marketing, 35(3), 378-393.

Verheul, I.; Wennekers, S.; Audretsch, D.; Thurik, R. (2001). An eclectic theory of entrepreneurship: policies, institutions and culture. (No. 01-030/3). Tinbergen Institute Discussion Paper.

Walley, E. E.; Taylor, D. W. (2002). Opportunists, champions, mavericks? Greener Management International, (38), 31-43.

Wang, C. K.; Wong, P. K. (2004). Entrepreneurial interest of university students in Singapore. Technovation, 24(2), 163-172.

Wang, D.; Wang, L.; Chen, L. (2018). Unlocking the influence of family business exposure on entrepreneurial intentions. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 14(4), 951-974.

Wilson, F.; Kickul, J.; Marlino, D.; Barbosa, S. D.; Griffiths, M. D. (2009). An analysis of the role of gender and self-efficacy in developing female entrepreneurial interest and behavior. Journal of developmental Entrepreneurship, 14(2), 105-119.

Winn, J. (2005). Women entrepreneurs: can we remove the barriers? The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 1(3), 381-397.

Wurthmann, K. (2014). Business students’ attitudes toward innovation and intentions to start their own businesses. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 10(4), 691-711.

Yusof, R.; Imm, N. S.; Ann, H. J.; Rahman, A. A. (2018). The Influence of SMEs Employees' Intention towards Innovative Behaviour. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities, 26(3), 1905-1923.

Zampetakis, L. A.; Bakatsaki, M.; Litos, C.; Kafetsios, K. G.; Moustakis, V. (2017). Gender-based differential item functioning in the application of the theory of planned behavior for the study of entrepreneurial intentions. Frontiers in Psychology, (8), 4-51.

Zampetakis, L. A.; Moustakis, V. (2006). Linking creativity with entrepreneurial intentions: A structural approach. The International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 2(3), 413-428.

Zhang, P.; Wang, D. D.; Owen, C. L. (2015). A study of entrepreneurial intention of university students. Entrepreneurship Research Journal, 5(1), 61-82.

Ahmed, I.; Nawaz, M. M.; Ahmad, Z.; Shaukat, M. Z.; Usman, A.; Rehman, W. U.; Ahmed, N. (2010). Determinants of students’ entrepreneurial career intentions: Evidence from business graduates. European Journal of Social Sciences, 15(2), 14-22.

Ali, A.; Topping, K. J.; Tariq, R. H. (2010). Entrepreneurial Attributes among Postgraduate Students of a Pakistani University. Online Submission, 7(5), 66-77.

Cooper, D. R.; Schindler, P. S. (2011). Métodos de pesquisa em Administração. 10 ed. Porto Alegre: 2011.

Günther, H.; Pinheiro, J. Q.; Guzzo, R. S. L. (2004). Psicologia Ambiental: entendendo as relações do homem com seu ambiente. Campinas: Alínea.

Kickul, J.; Gundry, L. K.; Barbosa, S. D.; Whitcanack, L. (2009). Intuition Versus Analysis?Testing Differential Models of Cognitive style on Entrepreneurial self–efficacy and the new venture creation process. Entrepreneurship theory and practice, 33(2), 439-453.

Liñán, F.; Fayolle, A. (2015). A systematic literature review on entrepreneurial intentions: citation, thematic analyses, and research agenda. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 11(4), 907-933.

Paço, A. M. F.; Ferreira, J. M.; Raposo, M.; Rodrigues, R. G.; Dinis, A. (2011). Behaviours and entrepreneurial intention: Empirical findings about secondary students. Journal of International Entrepreneurship, 9(1), 20-38.

Sidanius, J.; Pratto, F. (2001). Social dominance: An intergroup theory of social hierarchy and oppression, Cambridge University Press.