Plastic Waste for Electrical Power Generation: A Case Study in Nigeria Outros Idiomas

ID:
55895
Resumo:
Um dos grandes problemas da Nigéria, na atualidade, é a grande quantidade de resíduos plásticos que são produzidos nas suas principais cidades. Os resíduos plásticos têm sido uma ameaça para os arredores daquelas cidades (em particular sobre o solo e sobre a água) e contribuem para desastres de inundação e outros eventos de degradação ambiental que conduzem a sérios riscos para a saúde humana. Assim, este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar o potencial dos resíduos plásticos produzidos na Nigéria para a geração de energia elétrica. O estudo desenvolvido baseia-se em duas estratégias (uma abordagem baseada em incentivos e no princípio da Responsabilidade Estendida do Produtor (REP)) para a coleta de resíduos plásticos no meio ambiente. O foco deste trabalho está na incineração de resíduos plásticos com recuperação da energia produzida. Assim, foram realizadas análises imediata e elementar para determinar o Poder Calorífico Superior (PCS) e o Poder Calorífico Inferior (PCI), bem como estimar o Potencial de Geração de Energia (PGE). Os resultados empíricos mostram que o PCS foi avaliado em 568.96 kcal/ kg e o PCI foi avaliado em 561.55 kcal/kg. Adicionalmente, foi determinado o Potencial de Geração de Energia (PGE) usando 100 toneladas de resíduos plásticos e 4.83 milhões de toneladas (81% de plásticos manuseados inadequadamente) obtendo-se, respetivamente, 0.6 MW e 29.0 MW. Este estudo contribui para a literatura como uma visão geral de gestão de resíduos na Nigéria, focando-se nos problemas relacionados com os resíduos plásticos. Além disso, o conceito proporciona uma solução sustentável para esta tipologia de resíduos que afeta particularmente a envolvente das grandes cidades. Além disso, é provável que seja uma solução sustentável para a acumulação de resíduos plásticos no meio ambiente e uma solução suplementar para a produção de energia elétrica. Os resultados mostram que a quantidade de resíduos plásticos produzidos na Nigéria, provavelmente, gerará eletricidade suficiente para complementar as fontes tradicionais de produção de eletricidade.
Citação ABNT:
ADEROJU, O. M.; OKE, A.; AGBAJE, G. I.; DIAS, A. G. Plastic Waste for Electrical Power Generation: A Case Study in Nigeria. Revista de Gestão Ambiental e Sustentabilidade, v. 8, n. 3, p. 538-553, 2019.
Citação APA:
Aderoju, O. M., Oke, A., Agbaje, G. I., & Dias, A. G. (2019). Plastic Waste for Electrical Power Generation: A Case Study in Nigeria. Revista de Gestão Ambiental e Sustentabilidade, 8(3), 538-553.
DOI:
https://doi.org/10.5585/geas.v8i3.15778
Link Permanente:
http://www.spell.org.br/documentos/ver/55895/plastic-waste-for-electrical-power-generation--a-case-study-in-nigeria/i/pt-br
Tipo de documento:
Artigo
Idioma:
Inglês
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